## Chapter 5Competitions for Clubs

### 5.1 Club Ladder

A club ladder provides a format for playing relatively serious handicap games with automatically adjusting grades. It also enables a go club to establish the relative grades of its members and to monitor their progress.

The rungs of the ladder form a vertical scale which represents the grading system. Every member of the group has a marker on one of these rungs. Each grade is divided into several subdivisions, each of which is represented by one rung. Every time a player wins a game he goes up one rung and every time he loses a game he goes down one. The handicap for a game is simply the difference between the current grades of the players, giving, say, 5 points komi for each grade over.

Levels should be closer together at the top of the ladder than at the bottom; this automatically allows weaker players to change grade faster than stronger ones. There are various ways of dividing up the grades. One suggestion is as follows:

1 dan+
0.1 grade per rung
1-6 kyu
0.2 grade per rung
7-16 kyu
0.5 grade per rung
17-24 kyu
1.0 grade per rung

#### 5.1.1 Prizes

The element of competition may be enhanced by giving various prizes for results over some set period (for example, in a university club, the obvious thing to do is to award termly prizes. Otherwise, a good period is around three months). Some examples of prizes you could award are:

Improvement
The player who has climbed the most rungs over the period wins the "Most Improved Player" prize. This type of prize also has the advantage that it is easier for weaker players to win than for stronger ones.
Persistence
The player who has played the most games over the period wins the "Most Persistent Player" prize; the idea of this is to encourage players to try harder to improve. The disadvantage is that the same players tend to win every time.

#### 5.1.2 Limitations

The main problem with any sort of ladder is that, while it is very good at describing the relative strengths of the players involved, there is a tendency for the whole club to get stronger simultaneously and the ladder cannot reﬂect this. Some ways of introducing inﬂation automatically are:

• Fix the bottom of the ladder, so that no player goes below (say) 25 kyu.
• Fix other positions in the ladder. If a player is a regular tournament goer, he will have an established EGF rating controlled by the European Go Federation and his ladder position can be anchored accordingly.
• A player winning his third successive game can go up two rungs, instead of the usual one.
• Promotion after winning several games in a tournament.
• If the grade difference between two players is large and the weaker player wins, he can go up two rungs.

However the only reliable way to incorporate inﬂation into a ladder is to play games against members of other clubs and to keep a check on the result, shifting the whole club up a few notches if the members seem to be doing too well outside.

#### 5.1.3 Representing the Ladder

Probably the easiest way to represent the ladder is on a club website. This has the advantage that people can monitor their progress and that of other members outside meetings. You should consider, however, that some people may not want to have their names on the web, so it is a good idea to check ﬁrst. One such example is the Durham Go Club Ladder.

A physical ladder can also be constructed - for example, some sort of wall chart may be used. The players' names are put on small markers which can be moved up and down the ladder. The rungs should be made wide enough to take several players' names at once.

A different way of representing the ladder is to use a sheet of paper divided into columns. The left hand column contains the names of the players and the second column gives their nominal grades. The remaining columns contain new ladder grades updated after each game. This sort of ladder has the advantage of portability, although it will need replacing at regular intervals.

### 5.2 Club Championship

The great advantage of running tournaments in clubs is that they don't have to ﬁnish in one day. A simple idea is to have an all-play-all tournament spread over two months or more. You may choose to play with or without handicaps (or even with reduced handicaps), and all games should be played with clocks and have time limits of at least an hour per player.

If the club is a large one, such a tournament will last too long, and it may be better to divide the players into several divisions.

A club championship can be split into several stages. One format is for all but the strongest players in the club to participate in a short knockout tournament, the winners of which qualify for places in a league where they are joined by the strongest players. This idea can be stretched further by having a 3 or 5 game playoff between the top two ﬁnishers in the league, and by allowing players who do well in one year to start in a privileged position in the next tournament, but it should be remembered that a protracted tournament will make it difficult for beginners to be catered for adequately.

### 5.3 Club Tournaments

If the players at the club are keen on quick games with clocks, it is relatively simple to organise a "lightning ladder". It is recommended that all rungs be 0.5 stone apart, but beware: normal handicaps do not necessarily apply for quick games, and players can easily end up more than 9 stones from their starting grades.

In order to ﬁnish a tournament in one night, it is necessary to use small boards, or quick games, or both. 10 minutes of clock time for a double elimination knockout tournament (see section 11.2) on 13x13 boards is about right. Exact details will depend on the number of players and the range of strengths. Small boards allow a much wider range of handicaps; 9 stones on a 13x13 board is about right for 25 grades difference. Some of the other systems discussed in section 11 may be found to be useful.

There are several other possibilities:

An informal weekend tournament
Some clubs have run McMahon style tournaments, more or less along the lines of a typical BGA tournament as described in Part II. This can be fairly informal (e.g., in a pub or coffee shop, or even someones front room), with the club and players supplying equipment. The entry fee could be a donation to a local charity, or donation of a prize. This is a particularly good idea if you are planning to hold a BGA Tournament at some stage, but have no experience, and is a good way to introduce beginners to the fun of tournament Go in a friendly environment.
Matches against other local clubs
If you have another club nearby, it would be possible to arrange matches against them (e.g. Oxford and Cambridge hold an annual Varsity Match). The usual format is for players from each club to play approximately evenly matched players from the other club, and the winner to be the club with the most games won. This is a good opportunity to play against new opponents without having to travel too far.
Internet matches against other clubs
Many Go players now play regularly over the internet, for example on KGS or Pandanet (IGS) and so if you do not have any local clubs you could consider arranging a match against another club (even a club in another country) on a Go server.

You should, however, not be limited by any of these suggestions. If you have any further ideas or hold any other kind of competition, please let us know so that it can be included in this document.

Last updated Mon Mar 28 2016. If you have any comments, please email the webmaster on web-master AT britgo DOT org.